Common reasons for dental extraction
Some of our patients undergo tooth extraction for the following reasons:
- Painful or infected tooth (declined or unsuitable for other treatment options)
- Severely broken or decayed teeth that is no longer restorable
- Minimize crowding in the mouth (orthodontic reasons)
- Impacted wisdom teeth
- Retained baby teeth
- Advanced periodontal disease
- To facilitate prosthesis fabrication
What to expect during tooth extraction
Before any tooth extraction is done, our dentist will first prescribe an x-ray to determine the condition and position of the tooth roots as well as the health of the surrounding bone tissue. The dentist will review your medical history in order to ensure you are a suitable candidate for the procedure, or if a referral to a specialist will be more appropriate. For anxious patients, the dentist can offer options for sedation that you can choose based on your needs.
In most cases, a local anesthesia is administered to numb the tooth, surrounding bone and gum tissue of where the tooth is to be removed. Sometimes the dentist may use additional sedatives such as oral sedatives or laughing gas (Nitrous oxide) during the procedure. Sedation is done to give you a more comfortable tooth extraction process. If there is a need to preserve bone volume, such as for future implant placement, our dentist may recommend a bone grafting procedure to maintain the site and minimize bone loss once the tooth is extracted.
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Taking care of extraction site after teeth removal
Once the tooth extraction procedure is done, you will be advised on how to maintain the area in order to prevent infection and optimize healing.
- Avoid spitting, drinking from a straw, and rinsing during the first day to minimize movement and irritation at the extraction site.
- Brushing and hygiene can be resumed the following day, but be gentle around the extraction site
- Stick with softer food (such as mashed potatoes, scrambled eggs, smoothies) for several days, until comfortable to resume regular diet
- Cold compress (such as ice pack or pack of frozen vegetables) can be applied on the area 10 minutes on, 10 minutes off, to avoid extended cold exposure to skin
- For smokers, do not smoke for at least 48 hours!
- Medications may be prescribed to help prevent infection, and to reduce swelling and pain.